- Hello from Region 5
- Remembering John Johnson
- A Surprise Package Arrives!
- Invest in Fly Control
- MHBA Animal Health Series
- Minis for the Whole Family
- Junior Nationals
- Heat Stress
- Mini Hereford Grad Party
- Best in the West: 2010
- Minis 101: Selecting Your First Purchase
- MHBA Treasurer’s Report
- Region 7
- Region 6
What a great year we are experiencing here in Region 6 in the Miniature Hereford business. On the show side of our business we started our year in Region 6 with the Houston Livestock Show and followed with the Star of Texas Fair and Rodeo. Both shows were significantly larger than during previous years. These shows continue to grow both in number of cattle as well as exhibitors. We continue to attract more exhibitors from within our Region and this adds more stability and local presence to our shows. People prefer to buy from their neighbors.
The Texas Junior Hereford Assocation and the Texas Junior Polled Hereford Association. For 2010 the state show was held at the Tri-State Exposition Center in Amarillo, Texas. This year they created classes and recognized our Miniature Herefords. We had several juniors show Miniature Herefords at this show for the first time. We expect to be invited again in 2011. This is such an exciting event and opportunity for all of us in the Miniature Hereford business.
We will be looking forward to Miniature Hereford Shows at the TJLA Belt Buckle Bonanza, July 4th weekend, TJLA Fall Classic, Tri-State Fair, Gillispie County Fair, State Fair of Texas, American Royal Livestock Show. There may be more that Ive missed as there are numerous individuals here within our Region that are working on shows and expositions.
Thanks to all within our region for all the help both with your time and your financial contributions to help us grow our Miniature Hereford businesss throughout the US.
Please dont hesitate to contact me with any suggestions or ideas which we can look into to improve our business opportunities, our youth programs, and our national association.
Report from Region 7
Hello to all. I hope everyones weather has settled down and everyone is in to Summer finally.
Region 7 welcomes 7 new members this year. I look forward to hearing from all of you would like to know if you have any questions.
The MHBA has been awarded two Junior Classes for the 2011 National Western Show. We will have a Junior Heifer Class and a Junior Prospect Steer Class. At the Breed Meeting at the National Western in May we received a report on the cattle shows from 2005 through 2010. The following was from their report. In 2005 MHBA showed more cattle than 5 other breeds and most breeds increased in numbers shown through 2008. In 2008 MHBA showed 175 cattle including prospect and market steers, but dropped our numbers by 31 in 2009 along with all but 3 breeds. Definitely a reaction to the economy, but the good news, we did increase our number this year. With the strong support of our old breeders and the energetic new members I know this trend will continue.
Jo is getting ready for the show in Billings in October. The Barn is open October 10th,In Place by 12:00 Noon October 11th, Processing 12:00 -2:00 PM October 11th, Show 1:00 PM October 12th, Sale 10:30 AM October 13th, Release 6:00 PM October 13th. Entry fees $40.00 per class and must be postmarked by September 15th. Late Fees will be assessed from September 16th to September 24th at $15.00 per head.
LODGING: Host Hotel is The Dude Rancher Lodge. Rate: $67.oo per room. Phone number: 406-259-5561. They accept Pets, have a restaurant, and are closer to the Show Grounds. Questions contact
Jo Young: Phone: 406-777-3138 or 406-279-9376 Email:
Kansas State Fair, Hutchinson, Kansas
Bob and Joan Massengale have asked me to tell you about Pat and Bonnie Wendlings hard work to establish a display of Miniature Herefords at the Kansas State Fair. There is no show only the display. The dates are September 10-11-12. For further information you can contact Pat on his cell 316-772-0806, Home phone 316-835-3626 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. They would love to have anyone who is interested join them.
Have a great summer
Home Phone 970-487-3037, Cell 303-903-1032, email Kugeler@aol.com
MINIATURE HEREFORD BREEDERS ASSOCIATION Treasurer’s Report – 1st Qtr 2010
Membership Dues $7,664.00
Online Advertising $598.00
MH Ads $4,297.00
NWSS Banquet Auction $5,433.00
NWSS Banquet Tickets $3,436.00
NWSS Cattle Auction Proceeds $1,500.00
Austin Cattle Auction Sales $91,565.00
Austin Cattle Auction Commission $11,695.00
Total Inflows $128,602.00
NWSS Show Expenses $5,692.00
NWSS Banquet Expense $4,070.00
NWSS Banquet Auction Expense $1,028.00
Houston Show Expense $225.00
Austin Cattle Auction Expenses $225.00
Austin Cattle Auction Payout $86,650.00
MH News Expenses $525.00
Internet Maintenance $1,221.00
Program Sponsorship TJLA Heifer Division $2,000.00
Iowa St Fair Expense $498.00
Office Expense $124.00
Bank Charges $14.00
Fees (PayPal) $5.00
Total Outflows $102,442.00
Overall Total $26,160.00
Beginning Balance Jan 1 2010
Ending Balance March 31, 2010
Minis 101: Selecting Your First Purchase
There are many variables to consider when you consider purchasing your first Miniature Hereford. First, you need to decide for what purpose you wish to raise Minis. Secondly, you need to determine the size and quality needed for that purpose. Then you will spend many hours researching various options for acquiring the type of animal you’ve selected, and finally you’ll realize your dream by hauling that special animal or group of animals home.
So why do you want to raise Miniature Herefords? For the kids? Grandkids? For cute lawnmowers in that enormous back yard you’re sick of mowing and fertilizing every summer? What about agricultural tax breaks in your area? Do you want the option of healthy beef for your family? Or maybe you want to shoot for that coveted Grand Champion buckle? Answering these questions will help determine what type of Miniature Hereford would best suit your needs.
If you’re looking for an animal that will do well with youngsters, you might want to consider one that is already halterbroken, and is known to be gentle around children. In this instance, and finances aside, the smallest animal you can find who still meets the temperament requirements would be your best choice, for the sake of safety. Depending on whether or not you wish to encourage your kids to show in 4H, FFA or in the Open shows you might consider leaning toward a show-quality purchase versus pet-quality.
However, if you’re merely looking for a lawncare replacement, size is most likely not your primary concern; you would research calving ease of the animals and units-per-acre in your area to determine the number of head needed to properly mow and fertilize your property with as little intervention as possible.
Agricultural tax breaks are a common reason for investing in Miniature Herefords. In some areas of the country, the cost of purchasing the cattle is more than repaid within a few short years. These laws vary from state to state and county to county so be sure to check the regulations for your area.
Another common reason to invest in Miniature Herefords is for the beef. Miniature cattle do not fit the model for today’s beef production system, so do not expect to sell your cattle the normal way for any profit. Instead, you have the option of raising organic, grass-fed or natural beef for your family, friends or community members. The simplest method would be to raise beef for your family alone. Have it processed locally or process it yourself and you can provide for your family great-tasting beef that is far superior to even the highest grade grocery store beef. If you choose to label your beef and sell it, be sure to study the rules and regulations regarding the sale of meats, and the special labeling required.
If you wish to raise Miniature Herefords specifically for the show ring, be sure to obtain the best that money can buy and care for them extra specially well. Of course, we can’t all purchase last year’s grand champion in the hopes she’ll win again this year! So purchase the best animal you can find, remembering that price doesn’t always indicate quality. A well conditioned animal, exquisitely fitted and properly shown will still provide an excellent chance at that banner or buckle, and at the very least you’ll have lots of fun in the process.
Once you’ve determined what your purpose is, or which combination of goals you wish to pursue in the Miniature Hereford adventure, you’ll be able to rule out types of animals that are less likely to suit your agenda. The smaller the frame score (size) of the animal, or the more 0’s they’re said to have, the more expensive they will be. This is because 0000 is the smallest anyone has in any quantity. Try looking for a 00000 animal and you’re going to be searching for a while. You’d better be prepared to write a lot of 0’s on that check if you choose to purchase that animal, if you find him. On the other hand, there are many mid-sized Minis in the frame score 0 to 1 range and you’ll have a far wider selection of type and quality. What size and quality you eventually choose is up to you, your goals, your pocket book, and what is available when you’re ready to buy.
So you’ve now decided on the type of animal that will best suit your needs. How far are you willing to to travel to find this animal? Begin by locating breeders in your area, and if possible, go to see their breeding program in operation. Expand your search as necessary. Whatever you do, be sure you’re working with a reputable breeder when you finally choose to purchase. Common pitfalls are paying show-quality price for a pet-quality animal (so study up on your conformation points, visit shows and don’t hesitate to quiz breeders or your Regional Director) or paying top dollar for a small framed animal only to discover she’s not genetically small framed and won’t produce in kind (so study up on those pedigrees, sire/dam frame scores, and obtain references on prospective breeder-sellers). The more you’ve studied, the better your chances of arriving home with your dream cow.
Remember while shopping that somehow you’ll have to cart your acquisition home. If you have a trailer, no worries. If you don’t, ask the seller if they’ll deliver. And if they can’t or won’t, call your Regional Director to find out if there are any breeders currently hauling who might be able to help you out. Definitely solve the transportation logistics before handing over that down payment.
Whatever your path to first-time ownership, there is nothing quite like opening your trailer door and watching your new red white-face hop out of the trailer and trot down the fence line examining her new surroundings.
Welcome to the world of Miniature Herefords!
The Best In The West Miniature Hereford Show
2010 Oregon State Fair
By: Region 8 Roving Reporter
You will never know how much fun you can have while exhibiting your cattle until you come to The Best In The West Miniature Hereford Show at the Oregon State Fair. All those who have participated in the Oregon State Fair know that it is an experience not to miss. With acres of barns, hundreds of animals, delicious food, and concerts during its two-week duration, thousands of State Fair enthusiasts visit the OSF.
The Miniature Hereford Show at the Oregon State Fair is one of the oldest continuously running Miniature show in the United States, second only to the National Western Stock Show. This year will mark the eleventh anniversary of Miniature Herefords at the OSF as well as the third year of MHBA sponsorship. We strive to provide a family-oriented show in a relaxed atmosphere with lots of friendly, helpful people, says Cynthia DuVal of Silverton, Oregon.
The Best In The West Show is excellent for Miniature Hereford breeders of all sizes and show expertise. Each year, there are 26 open show classes including Get-Of-Sire, Produce-Of-Dam, and Best 4 Head. Following the Open Show, the Third Annual Junior Showmanship competition, which consists of four divisions (Peewee, Junior, Intermediate, and Senior), will take place. Additionally, the results of the second annual raffle will be announced at the Farewell Potluck on Move-Out Day.
Following is a more detailed schedule:
Entry Forms Due: August 1, 2010
Move In: Monday, August 30, 2010 by 5:00 PM
Weigh/Measure: Tuesday, August 31, 2010
Open Show: Wednesday, September 1, 2010 at 3:00 PM
Junior Showmanship: To Follow Open Show
Evening Dinner and Awards: TBA
Farewell Potluck: Thursday, September 2, 2010 at 12:00 PM
Release: Thursday, September 2, 2010
Come and try the wonderful, exciting, family-oriented Best In The West Miniature Hereford Showyou are guaranteed to love it and keep coming back year after year. For more information regarding the Miniature Hereford Show at the Oregon State Fair, including lodging and Junior Showmanship Entry Forms, please contact the Western Oregon OSF Show Coordinator, Cynthia DuVal, at email@example.com, or the Central Oregon OSF Show Coordinator, Erin Eldridge, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Photo cut line: Emily Meyer from Garrison, Iowa with Miniature Hereford Calf MF Cher at her high school graduation party on May 31, 2010.
Heres a first, Miniature Herefords, in the city limits of Garrison, Iowa at Emily Meyers high school graduation party. Emily is a member of MHBA and MHYBA, Vinton-Shellsburg FFA and the Jackson Better Farmers 4-H Club. She has been showing cattle since she was 11. In 2008 she and her father Steve decided to take a different route from their purebred Shorthorn show cattle and began building a herd of Miniature Herefords. Emily is so enthusiastic about her Miniature Herefords that she had a coral with three of them at her graduation party. The Meyers had to obtain special permission from the Garrison City Council to have the cattle in town. From the Meyer Farms Miniature Hereford herd she brought one cow-calf pair and a yearling heifer to the party. They proved to be the spot of attraction for the guests who had many questions about the breed and enjoyed feeding them apple slices.
HEAT STRESS CAN REDUCE PREGNANCY RATES
audio/video clip of this topic
The effects of heat stress on reproductive performance of beef cows has been discussed by many animal scientists in a variety of ways. After reviewing the scientific literature available up to 1979, one scientist wrote that the most serious seasonal variation in reproductive performance was associated with high ambient temperatures and humidity. He further pointed out that pregnancy rates and subsequent calving rates were reduced from 10% to 25% in cows bred in July through September.
Typical Oklahoma summer weather can fit the description of potential heat stress, where many days in a row can exceed 95 degrees and night time lows are often close to 80 degrees. Many hours of the day can be quite hot and cause the slightest rise in body temperature of cattle. Research conducted several years ago at OSU illustrated the possible impact of heat stress of beef cows on their reproductive capability. These cows were exposed to bulls as one group (while in a thermoneutral environment) and one week later exposed to the environmental treatments listed below in Table 1.
Table 1. Effects of Imposed Heat Stress on Reproduction in Beef Cows
Treatment group/ Control/ Moderate Stress /Severe Stress
Daytime temp (F)/ 71/ 97/ 98
Nighttime temp (F)/ 71/ 91/ 91
Relative Humiditiy %/ 25/ 27/ 40
Rectal temp (F) /102.0/ 102.7 /103.6
Pregnancy %/ 83/ 64/ 50
Conceptus Weight (g) 0.158 0.111 0.073
They found that heat stress of beef cows from day 8 through 16 affected the weights of the conceptus (embryo, fluids, and membranes) and the increased body temperature may have formed an unfavorable environment for embryo survival. As noted in table 1, the percentage of pregnancies maintained throughout the week of severe heat stress was considerably reduced.
Florida scientists studying dairy cows reported that for high conception rates the temperature at insemination and the day after insemination was critical to success. They stated that the optimal temperature range was between 50 degrees F. and 73 degrees F. Marked declines in conception occurred when temperatures did not fall in this range.
Beef producers conducting Artificial Insemination or Embryo Transfer may want to take heed of this information. Make certain that cows are allowed access to shade and adequate air movement, at breeding, and immediately following breeding. Of course, adequate cool water is important anytime during the summer months. Avoid forcing recently inseminated cows to stand in treeless, drylot situations where relief from the Oklahoma heat is impossible.
As everyone else in the country is looking forward to fireworks on Fourth of July weekend, I will be heading across the country to Indianapolis. This is the venue of the 2010 Hereford Junior Nationals. I am ten year old Wyatt Debnam from Glenville, PA, and my family owns Springfields Miniature Herefords. Last year my sister and I had the first Miniature Herefords that attended Hereford Junior Nationals. I entered my bred and owned bull and my sister, Caroline, entered her heifer. Our intention was to show off the Miniature Hereford breed. We did not do so well when it came to ribbons, but by far, we had the most visitors and cameras in our stall area. I did get pulled to represent my age in the showmanship champion drive.
This year I am solo as I wanted to bring both my regular size Hereford and my miniature Hereford to Nationals. Last week at the regional show, they weighed 1343 lbs. and 534 lbs. respectively. Since there are no Miniature Shows on the east coast, we show against the big ones all year. We get placed all over the board, but as most cattle people will tell you, you need to be first or last, not in the middle. This past winter I had the thrill of placing second and third in a class of 14, shown by age. As the judge, club calf legend Dave Guyer, said you cant hate on him because hes little. The next week a judge commented that my steer is one the best steers he had ever seen, then placed him 5th. As Nationals approach, we are rinsing twice a day to grow and keep their hair.
We bought our first heifers in 2006 and now try to keep 6 cows around as we try to improve the small herd. Normally we travel to 14 shows a year, showing until we go to Louisville to show against the minis. As Dad says, we practice all year to show one time against our own kind. As the mini fans say, GO MINIS!!!!!!
My interest in miniature Hereford cattle started a long time ago. My husband and I stopped at a sale barn in Macon Missouri in April of 1998. Just to see what they had, and what a sale. There were elk, Watusi, Zebu, Dexter and even Miniature Herefords. We watched for a while and then out walked a couple with a pair of miniature Herefords. A bull and a heifer. I thought they were the neatest things I had ever seen. I dont recall ever seeing miniature cattle before. I have always liked the Hereford breed. Come to find out later, it was Ken and Ali Peterson who had the pair.
Then in 2005 there was an article in the Farm World magazine about a girl showing her miniature Hereford steer at the Indiana State Fair. She had to show against the big ones, because there was no class for the miniatures. She said the judge just kept telling her it was too small. Even though it was fed out. Judges just didnt understand at that time. But Indiana has never had a class for miniatures as of now .
My husband passed away in 2006. After that I had more time on my hands and I started to look for some miniatures. I went on line and printed out a list of owners. Then
I just started calling. I was looking for some polled heifers and a steer. I found some right here in Indiana and went to see them. I purchased two heifers and a steer in Dec.2007. My son was with me and he purchased a heifer too. His heifer went to the Denver Show and was named the reserve champion fall Jr. miniature Hereford.
Then my grandson got interested and he purchased two heifers from Illinois. That gave us a total of five which was enough to make a class at our county fair. My grandchildren showed all five in 2008. We were really busy, having done this for the first time. My idea was to get the miniatures started on the local level, then maybe it would get started on the state level.
I had to wait until I was 73 years old to get to show cattle. I had always wanted to.
We have shown some at the Farm World Show in Lebanon, the NAILE in
Louisville twice, Iowa St. fair and again in our county 4-H fair.
We now have a total of sixteen including a bull that I purchased. The herd is expanding pretty fast. This spring we had four heifers and one bull calf. Pretty lucky I think.
I dont have any fancy buildings or anything like that. My barn for the cattle is an old
Garage that we had moved to make room for a new garage. But it works.
I really love my miniatures. I like working with them, they are so gentle. I would rather be working with them as anything else.
I have met a lot of really nice people in this organization. They are my inspiration.
Dema Delp D&S Miniature Herefords
MHBA ANIMAL HEALTH SERIES
Summertime in Cattle Country
By Peggy Joseph-Potter RN, BSN, MHA
Summer, a time fun, family, fairs and if you raise cattle the challenge brought on by heat, flies, pinkeye and parasites. While we may live in different climates with varying levels of humidity, the stress brought to cattle by this warm weather onslaught is universal.
Heat stress can cause reduced productivity in cattle, the more severe the stress the more detrimental the effects are on performance. Reduction in reproductive ability, daily weight gain and reduced milk production are the main outcomes of this form of stress. Cattle are more sensitive to heat than humans are. Heat stress is a combination of temperature, relative humidity and wind speed. Other factors such as age, hair coat length, hair coat color and nutritional status all play a role in determining the severity of heat stress on your herd. Breeders need to watch their cattle, the environment and be familiar with the signs of heat stress.
Signs of Heat Stress:
Restlessness and crowding under shade or at water tanks.
Open-mouthed breathing (panting), and increased salivating.
Increased respiration rates, (Moderate heat stress: 80 to 120 breaths per minute, Strong heat stress: 120 to 160 breaths per minute. Severe heat stress: over 160.)
Gasping and lethargic.
The symptoms of heat stress may often present in the same manner as respiratory disease. Cattle do not sweat; therefore, they must use their respiratory system to eliminate excess heat from their bodies.
Heat stress interventions:
Provide ample water. Cattle may need more than 2 gallons of water per 100 pounds of body weight. Provide enough tanks for cattle to be able to get the water they need. If possible, water should be cooled and placed in a shaded area; tanks should be cleaned weekly to encourage water consumption.
Avoid handling cattle. Handling cattle can elevate their body temperature by as much as 3.5 degrees F. If cattle must be worked on hot days, try to do the work before 8:00 AM and keep the maximum time in the holding facilities to no more than 30 minutes
Change feeding schedules. On hot days, shift your feeding times toward the evening hours. Try to deliver 70% of the daily scheduled feed two to four hours after the peak air temperature. Providing only small amounts of feed during the heat of the day, will decrease the metabolic heat of digestion.
Provide shade and improve airflow. Shade can come in the form of trees or it can be constructed. Solid, reflective covering is preferable to slats or other more open forms of overhead roofing. When possible, two shaded areas are recommended, one over the feed area to increase feeding time, and another away from the feed area to encourage the cattle to rest. Water should be made available under both shaded areas, to increase the water consumption during heat stress period. Consider where the cattle are located and if there is any restriction to air flow. Box or barn fans provide increased circulation and when combined with a mister can decrease temperatures in barns and stalls.
Provide water mist. Providing a spray of water will help to cool the animals down. However, it is important to place misters over a clean, preferably concrete area. Misters should not be over dirt or allowed to create pooling or mud puddles, which increases the incidence of bacteria and flies. When possible, use a timer, this will allow cooling without getting the cattle wet
The control of breeding flies is necessary to assure adequate animal health, rate of gain and to maintain weaning weights. There are two major species of flies that cause the most serious decreased in beef production and require the most control efforts, they are the horn fly and the face fly. Horn flies cause the economic loss for cattle breeders through blood loss and irritation. The reduction in weight gain can be as much as 10-14%
The adult horn fly, which is about one-half the size of a housefly, has piercing/ sucking mouthparts and feeds on blood and tissue fluids of cattle. They spend most of their adult life on cattle and feed 20 to 40 times a day. They are normally found on the animal’s back, but may migrate to the sides and the belly as the temperatures increase. The fact that they spend the majority of their time on the animals body makes them much easier to control.
The face fly is about the size of a housefly. They are non-biting, feed on secretions from the eyes, and muzzle. They avoid entering dark places, such as a barn, while on the animal. The female lays eggs on freshly deposited manure like the horn fly; however, unlike the horn fly they are present on cattle only about 10 percent of the time and may be found resting on fence posts, trees, bushes and other objects the other 90 percent of the time. Because they spend so little time on the animal and do not feed on blood, they are much harder to control than horn flies.
There are several methods of fly control, such as insecticide sprays dusts, pour-ons, oilers, dust bags, ear tags, oral larvicides in minerals and blocks and controlled release boluses. All of these methods are effective and have a place in the control program; however, the best fly control can most likely be obtained through an integrated fly control program.
Back rubbers and dust bags are effective and can be placed at gate openings. Insecticide-impregnated ear tags are easy and should be placed at the beginning of the season and removed in the fall. Make sure you fully protect your weaing calves with a pour-on and ear tags for the best coverage. Remember to rotate your insecticides to prevent the development of resistance and an overall decrease the program effectiveness. Organophosphates and pyrethroids are normally alternated based on their effectiveness against flies specific for that region.
Summer is the time to step up your parasite control program. Many of the products and methods used for fly control are also effective against internal and external parasites. Insectide tags, oral lavicides added to mineral blocks and mixes aid in the elimination of parasites from surfaces and manure. Dust bags and sprays are good for control only if used regularly. As with fly control, the best coverage is gained by a combination of methods and products.
Remember the accumulation of water or manure is a prime breeding ground for flies and other parasites. Consult you ranch veterinarian or local Ag extension for the products most effective in your region.
Pink Eye-Moraxella bovis:
Pink eye (moraxella bovis bacterial infection of the eye) in cattle can result in serious economic losses, through poor weight gain, eye damage and even blindness, if left untreated. It is highly contagious and is spread by face flies as they feed on the secretions from the eyes. Early treatment is most effective, the use of ointments, sprays and powders must be performed twice per day and this requires the eye to be protected against sunlight or further irritation from flies, dust and foreign objects with an eye shield. The administration of 1 ml Penicillin given under the eyelid in two places is usually effective enough for one treatment.
Symptoms of Pinkeye vary from watering and drainage of the eye in the early stages to a cloudy discoloratation or even ulcerations of the cornea in the latent phase. Early treatment is necessary to prevent advancement of the disease and prevent permanent damage.
Newer treatments such as the use of Veterycin VF TM are also very effective if started at the onset of symptoms. It is much less caustic, painful, and irritating to the animal than other treatments. Our personal experience with this product has been very good and we use it as a first line drug in the treatment of any bacterial, fungal, viral or spore forming infection. Its non-irritating formula makes it a great all purpose as a wound cleanser as well.
Summer is a great time to enjoy your animals so keep them healthy by being prepared. Purchase your ear tags, dust bags and sprays early. Combine these activities with pour-ons, vaccinations and other possible heat producing events early in the day. Diminish pest breeding grounds by ensuring your pens are free of standing water and accumulate manure. Healthy Herefords make for happy breeders, so be prepared and start early to assure your programs effectiveness.
Blazinger, S. P. Reduce Heat Stress in Cattle to Maintain Profit. Cattle Today.
John Maas, D. M. (April 2002). UCD, VetMed,Fly Control For Cattle. California Cattlemen.
LSU, A. C. Pinkeye in Beef Cattle. LSU Ag Center.
Oaklahoma State University, Cattle Stress Model. OSU
Peggy and her husband, Bob Potter, own and operate PJ Ranch LLC in Winton, California where they raise Miniature and Polled Herefords. They have been active participants in the MHBA since 2002. She is employed as a critical care nurse for a local medical center.
MT. VERNON, Mo. Think how much aggravation 200 flies biting and flying around you would create. No wonder research shows that blood-sucking horn flies can reduce calf weaning weights by up to 20 pounds and reduce gains on stocker cattle by 25 pounds per head when flies are not controlled.
The threshold level for economical fly control begins around 200 flies per animal according to Eldon Cole, a livestock specialist with University of Missouri Extension.
“Counting flies isn’t easy so most of the estimates are made using the assumption that if there’s an area of flies on the animal the size of the palm of your hand that’s roughly 50 flies,” said Cole. “I’ve assisted with a field trial that involved using binoculars and actually counting flies early in the season when they weren’t too numerous and it is easy to get 200 flies per animal.”
In addition to horn flies, horse flies, stable flies and face flies may create problems for cattle as the summer goes on. Each of these creates a unique problem for animals and are difficult to control according to Cole.
“The routine control measures for horn flies will only have limited success with the other fly species,” said Cole.
Sprays, insecticidal ear tags, dust bags, back rubbers, pour-ons and oral larvacides are the controls used on horn flies.
“There is even research supporting biological control with fly predators, but they work mainly in densely populated cattle areas such as feedlots,” said Cole.
Another interesting point in cattle fly control is that some animals seem to be less susceptible to flies than others. Researchers are looking at this from the cattle’s genetic resistance standpoint. It could involve hair density, hair color, sex of the animal, hide thickness, etc.
“As you work with your herd you may observe that some cattle attract more or significantly fewer flies than others,” said Cole. “Most of the fly control methods for horn flies do work. However, cost, convenience and length of control must be considered.”
For more information on fly control in beef cattle, check out the Missouri Beef Resource web site at http://agebb.missouri.edu/beef/index.htm. Three MU Extension livestock specialists are also available in southwest Missouri and can be reached by telephone: Eldon Cole in Mt. Vernon, (417) 466-3102, Gary Naylor in Dallas County, (417) 345-7551, and Dona Geode, in Cedar County, (417) 276-3313.
Deciding Which Horn Fly Control Measure is Best for you
Eldon Cole, a livestock specialist with University of Missouri Extension, says there are several things to keep in mind when deciding which horn fly control measure it best. Keep the following items in mind:
* Resistance to pesticides can develop so rotating each year or so between the pyrethroids and the organophosphates will help slow down the resistance buildup.
* Remove old fly tags at the end of their useful life. Leaving them in aids in fly resistance buildup.
* Many fly tags are still effective, but frequently are put in too early in the season. Rotate the active ingredient used in the tag from year-to-year.
* Backrubbers or dust bags are highly effective and economical, but they require regular management to make sure cattle use them.
* If you’re fortunate enough to have a supply of wire and burlap bags you can make your own rubber at a significant savings. Old flannel material will work in place of burlap.
* Feed-throughs offer convenience, but cost more per day or month. They are most effective when consumed by all cattle in a fairly large area. The additive interrupts the life cycle of the horn fly in the manure pat.
* Combining horn fly control tactics may be helpful to give the cattle maximum relief. Remember you’ll never have totally fly-free cattle.
* Face flies are generally not resistant to pesticides and insecticidal ear tags and other control methods for horn flies are effective against them.
* Treatment costs per head per day can vary from a couple of cents up to 8 to 10 cents depending on method and expected length of effectiveness.
For persons not wanting to use pesticides, University of Missouri Extension does have plans for a walk-through fly trap (that reduces flies up to 70 percent) that can be located where cattle pass through it daily. Ask the nearest MU Extension Center for guide sheet 1195 or find it online at extension.missouri.edu.
Source: Eldon Cole, University of Missouri Extension
Greetings from “down under” in New Zealand.
Although my husband and I have a standard Polled Hereford Stud, “Riverlands” which was established over forty years ago I only got into the Miniature Hereford world last October when I purchased two in-calf cows and two heifers. After looking at the different names for my little stud my husband suggested the name “Riverlets” which he felt appropriate to the size and location!
My first calf arrived on November 30th which was most exciting. Her mother’s name was Cracker so she was named Sparkler! Three days later I got a real surprise. While checking on the other cow I discovered she had calved and had a calf suckling from her. When I went into the paddock there was another calf lying down which at first I thought was the older calf then noticed that one was actually with its mother. A few minutes later the newly-calved cow walked over to the other calf which got up and both started feeding! We already had five sets of twins born to our standard Herefords and here was a sixth set on the farm.
These twins caused quite a stir over here and in Australia as they appear to be the first recorded twins born in the Southern Hemisphere. They are now six months old and the little mother has fed them unaided through one of the worst droughts we have had for decades. Although still smaller than average they are healthy and lively. They are a bull and heifer but I found two separate placentas in the paddock and providing these were not joined in utero the heifer could be fertile instead of a freemartin. No matter, she will be trained for showing along with the others and be useful for advertising purposes.
My aim is to establish a polled Miniature Hereford herd and although I have found a number of potential sires in the States the red tape associated with importing semen is proving somewhat challenging. There is semen from only one polled bull here at present and we have several females in calf to him but need more for our breeding programme. I have more coming in from Australia but would like at least another two as we will also be carrying out flushing programmes in the near future.
Becoming a member of the MHBA and receiving your newsletter is a real highlight for my interest in miniatures and there is so much useful information to take on board. We have no specific showing classes over here for the little animals but as I run the cattle section at our local agricultural show I have introduced a ring for small beef breeds and hope it will expand to other shows. What I read in your newsletter gives me plenty of ideas for promoting this.
Riverlets Miniature Herefords
On May 5th John Johnson moved to his heavenly home. His life was most happiest spending time with his family,
mowing hay, moving irrigation pipe and watching his Miniature Herefords on our small farm.
In 1993 John picked up a magazine with an article about miniature Herefords from Point of Rocks, Fort Davis ,Tx.
His first conversation was with Roy Largent. Roy brought us a bull which got us started on the road to bringing down
our large polled Herefords.
John was compassionate about keeping the polled miniatures structure correct while downsizing from the standard
size. Striving to improve the herd each calf crop. Thus developing the first polled miniatures. John was very proud
of improving his miniature cattle by staying within his own breeding. Although we tried to convince him to bring in
different bloodlines, he knew he could accomplish what he set out to do 17 years ago and that was to have
structurally correct miniature polled Herefords.
John love to tell large cattle breeders that he could raise more pounds of beef, per acre , then they could. Which
always got a rise out of folks.
From 1993 John’s partnership with the Largent continued for several years. Rust Largent encouraged John in his
efforts to raise up miniature polled Herefords. Of course the discussion often centered around horned verses polled.
John supported the Cow Palace, the Ca St Fair, Or St Fair as well as of late the Central Wa St Fair in Yakima.
John supported the Sequim FFA for 14 years. He was a big supporter of our county’s Livestock Auction. John sold
steers to many FFA students as well as young people in 4-H. He enjoyed helping students learn to drive a tractor,
halter break a calf or feed steers. John always supported organizations and those programs he truly believed in. He
was always eager to support the youth programs at the fairs. He gave of his time whether it be church functions,
FFA or 4-H.
John promoted the breed by joining the very first miniature Hereford Club with Rust Largent. He contributed many
articles to their newsletters. He was a member of MHBA as well. Being a mover and shaker in this world of big cattle
verses small cattle.
John was loyal, honest, trustworthy and definitely a role model to those that knew him.
John’s dream was to have the finest miniature Polled Hereford herd . He will be missed by all who knew and loved him.
This is Regional 5 Director Bev Strong saying hello from Iowa Show. This year we go in on Thursday and by the fairs request we will be dismissed on Sunday. This is good for our breed as the weekends are very busy and a lot of people have requested to see us. So we go in anytime after midnight Wednesday and have to be in place by noon Thursday the 19th of August. I have made arrangement for tieouts for Wednesday night . We are having a Pasta Gathering at 7:00 PM Thursday night for everyone to meet and welcome our new exhibitors and friends. Even if you are not showing we welcome all. Our Open show will be Friday at 2:00. We will open our show with our Celebrity Baby Bull Show. This year we have several new showmen. We even have Sophia from the Des Moines Register that had so much fun last year wanted to try again. We will be in Cattle barn this year and will show in new Open Arena . All attending enter in Gate 6. I have been told by the Junior President there is a new class for Junior Heifers. These are heifer born 1-1-09 and later. The deadline for Entry is July 1,2010. Late entries will be accepted with additional fees. All info is on iowastatefair.org. The classes and info are on line now. Entries are accepted online or you can print the form and mail it in. Cow /Calf winners will receive buckles. So tie up them babies and hope to see you at Iowa State Fair. Info email email@example.com