- Beef Talk: Simple Bull Rankings in the Pen
- Region 6: Looking Forward to 2011
- WW Ranch Farm Day
- American Royal 2010 Results
- Cow Palace 2010 Results
- NILE Recap & Champions
- NAILE Results
- News from Downunder
- Exactly What is a Miniature Hereford?
- Animal Health Series: Calf Health Part 2
- Region 5: Ready for Iowa?
Hi everyone. Looking alot like Christmas as I write this. We have had several
new members for our region lately and would like to give them a big welcome. The
Iowa State Fair Show is on tap for Thursday August 18. Can begin to arrive at
12:01am and must be in by noon August 18th. Show will be in Outdoor Arena on
Friday August 19,2011 at 1:00PM and Junior Show to follow at about 3:00. Release
on August 21 at 3PM. I will have more information to follow. This area is really
excited about our breed and never seems to end with the questions and people
looking to get into our breed. The fair last year has really given us a lot of
hope for marketing our cattle. Many new buyers this year and alot of people
exspanding. I wish all a good New Year and mark our dates on your calendar. Even
if you aren’t showing,we would love to have you come and be with our MHBA
MHBA ANIMAL HEALTH SERIES
Calf Health Part 2
By Peggy Joseph-Potter RN, BSN, MHA
Raising healthy calves is the mainstay of our industry. Early intervention from birth through weaning makes all the difference in outcomes. Keeping your calf healthy and disease-free takes planning, early intervention and consistency. Calves are born without immunity therefore protection from opportunistic organisms and conditions requires daily observation and diligence to what Sheila McGuirk DMV, PhD calls the 5 C’s: Colostrum, Calories, Cleanliness, Comfort and Consistency.
Newborn Calf Protocol: Clean hands, arms and equipment (see calving supply list) if assisting the calving. Remove mucus from the calf’s mouth and nose. (We drain calves with large amounts of mucous by gently turning them upside down for a few seconds.) Rub the calf vigorously if stimulation is necessary. (Use warmed towels or blankets in cold weather.) Examine the navel and place a tie if it continues to bleed. Apply disinfectant to a clean navel. Iodine solutions (1, 2 and 7%) or chlorhexidine (0.5%) may be effective. Dipping is more effective than a spray as it also acts as an astringent that aids in drying out the cord. Feed 1 quart of prepared or thawed, warm colostrum if unable to nurse within the first two hours. (Some breeders supplement immediately after birth even if the calf is able to nurse.) Use either a bottle or esophageal feeder for those calves too weak to suck.
Colostrom: Good quality colostrom is essential to the survival of a newborn calf. A newborn should be up and nursing soon after birth or at least within the first couple of hours without assistance. After two hours, the calf may need additional support to stand and find the teat. First calf-heifers may need to be tied or even milked to ensure adequate and timely immunity for the newborn. As time progresses without nursing, so does the loss of immunity. A supplemental feeding maybe required to ensure the calf receives vital antibodies against disease and adequate nutrition, energy and calories to keep them warm. Good quality colostrum is thick and creamy in appearance. It is rich in calories and a concentrated source of nutrients for the calf. Healthy cows in good condition that have been vaccinated against rotavirus, coronavirus and bacteria are more likely to produce good-quality colostrum that contains antibodies required in the first few months of life. Inferior colostrum can result when cows are not in good body condition, from illness or inadequate nutrition, or when animals are first-calf heifers. Thin or watery colostrum should not be fed if there is a source of good quality colostrum available, either frozen or fresh. A lamb’s nipple and soda bottle make an ideal substitute for a calf unable or unwilling to nurse its mother. Colostrom comes either dried or frozen and should be kept on hand during calving season or whenever a birth is likely to occur.
Calories: Cattle require five main groups of nutrients for life and growth: energy, protein, vitamins, minerals and water. Mother’s milk and colostrum are the main source of calories and energy for the newborn calf. Calves need about 5-10 percent of their body weight or 1 quart for a 40-pound calf at birth and again in another 6 hours. Beef cattle should be allowed to nurse at-will as cows usually only produce enough milk to fulfill the needs of their calves; therefore over-feeding should not be a concern.
At 1 week of age, calves will begin to eat a little hay and grain. Consumption will be insignificant at first but it will gradually increase to become a major part of the diet by the end of a month. Calf developer products are specifically made to meet the nutritional needs of calves and medicated products assist with the development of good quality rumen and digestion. Providing the growing calf with adequate calories and nutrition leads to less weight loss and illness during the stress of weaning. Good nutrition is maximized by ensuring an adequate intake of minerals including salt and plenty of good clean water. (The injectable source of vitamin supplement we use is Multimin 90 by Nova Tech, other products are also available.)
Cleanliness: Calves should be born in a clean, dry place. Keeping the calving environment clean is important as newborns are exposed to large amounts of pathogens after birth. Maternity areas must be kept very clean and as free of manure as possible. A cow should never give birth in a dirty pen. Use lots of clean bedding to reduce the risk of illness or infection. Fresh bedding reduces exposure even before the dam has a chance to lick off the calf. Newborn calves should never nurse a cow with a dirty or mature-laden udder, as passage of E coli is too great for their immune defenses.
If weather is severely cold, you can get by without cleaning stalls if you put clean bedding on top for each new cow. The build-up of bedding can keep barns warmer in sub-zero temperatures. Using good sanitation principles and basic hygiene aids in the prevention of sickness and possible mortality due to organisms such as E coli, Mycobacterium or Salmonella.
Comfort: Newborn calves need to be kept comfortable and provided with plenty of dry bedding and shelter from drafts and wind in cold weather. This factor is especially important during severe weather as it stresses the body by requiring energy for heat production. Below 20 degrees F, ears and tails may freeze and the calf’s mouth may become too cold to nurse. The increased demand for energy can keep a calf from gaining weight during these months unless they are protected. Simple windbreaks can be adequate for calves that are not yet ready to venture into the pasture. Calf coats can help maintain a calf’s body heat by providing protection from the wind and cold. Weaned calves do not need additional care however breeders must ensure the presence of adequate feed and an ice-free water supply.
Consistency: Consistency of newborn protocols and daily calf management is important. Calves should be provided with regular supplemental feedings in the form of grain and hay. (Hay should be dry and not first cutting or pure alfalfa to prevent digestive upset.) The same person who performs routine feedings and care should observe calves at the same times every day. Changes in the routine will stress calves, and animals that are stressed are more likely to get sick. Healthy calves correspond to happy breeders. More importantly, a quality product is worthy of economic value and a source of pride for a job well done. Happy Calving!
Bibliography: Haynes, N. B. (1978). Keeping Livestock Healthly. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing, L.L.C. Thomas, H. S. (1998). Storey’s Guide to Raising Beef Cattle. Storey Publishing. Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Sheila McGuirk, DMV,PhD. (2009). 5C’s of Health Calving. Retrieved December 2010, from Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board. Biography Peggy and her husband, Bob Potter, own and operate PJ Ranch LLC in Winton, California where they raise Miniature and Polled Herefords. They have been active participants in the MHBA since 2002. She is employed as a critical care nurse for a local medical center.Thomas, H. S. (1998). Storey’s Guide to Raising Beef Cattle. Storey Publishing. Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Sheila McGuirk, DMV,PhD. (2009). 5C’s of Health Calving. Retrieved December 2010, from Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board. Biography Peggy and her husband, Bob Potter, own and operate PJ Ranch LLC in Winton, California where they raise Miniature and Polled Herefords. They have been active participants
EXACTLY WHAT IS A MINIATURE HEREFORD
There’s a lot of misunderstanding being perpetrated regarding the classification of Miniature Herefords, making them out to be a separate breed, which they are not. This is causing unnecessary confusion among new owners and potential breeders. Quite simply the animal is a Hereford first by breed and a miniature second by size. A look at some of the terminology which has been used incorrectly will show this.
Firstly, there is no such thing as a “purebred” Miniature Hereford. The description should be “full-blood Hereford” without any reference to the miniature size. A full-blood animal is one which has no other breed in its background going back many generations. In the case of Herefords this goes back several hundred years. A Hereford bred to another Hereford, regardless of size is still a full-blood Hereford. The only differentiations which can be made with Herefords are whether they are horned or polled or of different sizes e.g. standard, classic or miniature but those are just varieties of the same breed.
“Purebred” is the result of successive back breeding from original crossbreeding or interbreeding and this applies to using two or more entirely separate breeds. In this way we now have recognised breeds such as Belgian Blue, which was developed from native Belgian cattle crossed with Shorthorn and Charolais. The Australian Belmont Red is another example of crossing or interbreeding, in this case Africander bulls over Hereford and Shorthorn cows. Purebred usually means a minimum 31/32 cattle which have been produced through a “grading up” process from the original breeds used.
“Crossbreeding” or “interbreeding” is exactly that – the mixing of different breeds. You cannot crossbreed or interbreed within the same breed. Therefore, the practice of referring to a Miniature Hereford with Classic or Standard Hereford in its pedigree as a crossbreed is totally untrue. All Miniature Herefords have this mixture of sizes (not breeds) in their pedigrees. A Brahman crossed with a Hereford produces a crossbreed known as a Braford – two separate breeds. Likewise a Brahman crossed with an Angus produces a Brangus. The popular Murray Grey is a result of crossing an Angus with a Shorthorn and refining the breed over many generations. Another interesting combination of breeds leads to the Mandalong Special which has Brahman, Shorthorn, Charolais, British White and Chianina in its background.
“Grading up” again applies to using more than one breed to combine particular genetics. It starts with using a bull from one breed with a cow of another breed. The first offspring is half-bred and heifers from this are then bred back to the original bull breed. The next offspring will be three-quarter bred and the procedure is repeated using part-bred heifers back to the original bull breed until offspring which are of 31/32 breeding are then classified as “purebred.” They are not full blood of either breed used. The “grading up” being used within the Hereford breed to produce a so-called fifth generation miniature is not justifiable as it is simply using two animals of different varieties of the same breed and the final outcome may not necessarily fall within miniature status as the frame score size could well be over the limit. The original process of acquiring miniatures was to breed the smallest Herefords possible to other small Herefords and continue from there to reduce the size, not to establish so many generations of breeding. Frame score can be heritable and changed mainly through using selected sires. Therefore, it is more important to know the frame score background of the animals being bred than their pedigrees.
“Inbreeding” along with “linebreeding” is now prevalent among Miniature Hereford herds in both Australia and New Zealand owing to the lack of new bloodlines. Although one advantage is the early exposure of a defect, providing measures are taken to eradicate that, the main outcome is a loss of fertility along with detrimental effects on production efficiency. Inbreeding is computed as a percentage of chances for two alleles to be identical by descent. This percentage is called “inbreeding co-efficient.” Alleles are alternative forms of genes and part of the DNA coding which determines distinct traits which are passed on from parents to offspring. Progeny can have a 1 in 2 risk of inheriting identical alleles from both parents which greatly increases any negative effects. Linebreeding is a milder form of inbreeding through breeding of cousins. Anyone claiming to have “five generations” of “miniature” in an animal should properly examine its breeding; it is most likely the product of straight inbreeding or very close linebreeding, neither of which is desirable. For this reason conscientious breeders in other parts of the world occasionally introduce new bloodlines using mainly the smaller Classic Herefords which are of FS 2 or FS 3. This is known as “outbreeding” but it is still within the same breed.
In Australia and New Zealand there are Classic sized animals among the standard Hereford herds that are not actually classified as such. A miniature bull (FS 1 or less) over a Classic cow should produce progeny not much bigger than themselves.
Much has been made of a “foundation herd” and a claim that all Miniature Herefords in Australia and any animals coming to New Zealand from Australia must be linked to this. The foundation herd is nothing more than a collection of original imports from the USA most of which had a Classic Hereford in the immediate parentage. There is at least one animal classed as “miniature” which had Classics for both parents. How did the classification of “miniature” arise then? It could only have been on frame score as most of the Classics were FS 2 or 3. Was FS 2 considered “miniature”? It certainly wasn’t in the States. To restrict the classification as “miniature” to only particular animals whose pedigree traces back to chosen “ancestors” is not only irrelevant, it drastically narrows the gene pool and constitutes restrictive trading practice for other breeders who have animals which qualify by size, the only criteria needed. These latter animals are likely to have superior genetics through a widened gene pool and as such strengthen the overall breeding of Miniature Herefords.
Finally, to state that animals must be classified as “miniature” by only one particular group is an insult to the majority of breeders. The integrity of the breeder in noting the size of an animal goes hand in hand with the integrity of the breeder in stating the correct parentage. If the intending purchaser has any concerns, a request can be made for a DNA profile, the registration checked and the measurement process observed or done independently to confirm what has been stated. As it stands now, no group is the authoritative body for classification of Miniature Herefords. ly one particular group is an insult to the majority of breeders. The integrity of the breeder in noting the si
REPORTING FROM DOWNUNDER
At present it is November, the last month of our Spring season and I guess you in America are heading toward Winter. Where I live, however, in the province of Northland which is the northernmost region of New Zealand, it looks like we are destined for another long drought, this time starting a month earlier than last year. Not a nice situation. Some silage has been made but hay paddocks may have to be reopened if we don’t get substantial rain soon. Newly sown maize is at risk, too.
Generally calving starts here in August/September but with the Miniature Herefords it tends to be whenever you can get your animal in calf if you don’t have your own bull. Either you borrow or lease one or you have to go the AI way and hope it works! I now have seven bulls ranging from the two little fellas born this Spring to three yearlings, a two-year-old and a three-year-old which will be used over my own cows and leased out to other breeders. An opportunity has also arisen to lease them out to dairy farmers to be used over their heifers for the first calf. The white-faced calf, which is the progeny of a Hereford bull over a Friesian dairy cow, is very popular in New Zealand for raising as dairy/beef as it has the growth rate of the Friesian along with the solidness of the Hereford. Owing to calving difficulties experienced by dairy heifers mated with standard Hereford bulls farmers have turned to using other breeds such as Angus or Jersey. The Angus have also presented problems with calving and the Jersey progeny are of little worth. After discussing this with some dairy farmers I suggested they try using a Miniature Hereford bull over their heifers for easy calving as well as providing a dairy/beef calf which will grow well even if smaller. A few have expressed an interest in trying this next season. We already supply standard Hereford bulls from our polled stud for dairy cows so the mini venture could well have its place.
Along with advocating my own little cattle I am helping promote Miniature Herefords wherever possible and this has led to the idea of having a Virtual Cattle Show via the internet for them. Originally it was to be just between Australia and New Zealand but interest has been shown elsewhere in the world, America included! It is being run by the newly incorporated Australian Miniature Hereford Breeders Network (AMHBN) of which I am a member. This breeders’ group has similar regulations to those of America in that the cattle are registered as full blood Herefords and classified as Miniature providing they are of Frame Score 1 or under.
In New Zealand there are no separate show classes for Miniature Herefords. They usually have to compete alongside the bigger cattle or other breeds and as a result, not many people have done any showing. As well as this some breeders live too far away from any show centres while others have problems transporting their animals to one. The situation in Australia is not much better which is why the idea of a Virtual Show arose. Anyone with access to good internet connections can take part.
In my area we have a local Agricultural and Pastoral Show for which I am a committee member in charge of running the cattle section. There are a large number of lifestylers in the district with blocks of land on average between five and twenty acres. These people are interested in small animals which opens up another opportunity to promote the minis. To encourage their participation in the local Show last season I introduced a ring especially for small beef breed cattle and have used the schedule for this as the basis for the Virtual Cattle Show. There are twelve classes available for entry as follows:
Class 1-Senior cow 3 yrs and over with calf/calves at foot
Class 2-Junior cow 2 yrs with or without calf/calves at foot
Class 3-Yearling heifer
Class 4-Heifer calf
Class 5-Senior bull 3 yrs and over
Class 6-Junior bull 2 yrs
Class 7-Yearling bull
Class 8-Bull calf
Class 9-Family group (to include males and females)
Class 10-Scenic photo with Miniature Herefords pictured
Class 11-Entertainment photo with Miniature Herefords included
Class 12-Viewers’ Choice
Except for Classes 10 and 11 all animals must be registered with their national Hereford Association and be of Frame Score 1 or under. The Show is planned for next May (2011) and a complete Show Schedule along with entry forms will be available shortly. This first show is to be purely a fun event, no entry fees and no prizes, just placings recognition, but it could become more competitive if enough interest is shown.
If you think this kind of show would suit you and would like to take part or have more information about it please contact me on either of these e-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
I am hoping to have a Broadband connection installed shortly so there will be yet another new e-mail address. What price living out in the back country!
Janet Poole, Riverlets Miniature Herefords, New Zealand.ngs recognition, but it could becom
North American Livestock Expo
Class 1: Junior Heifer Calves
1. Eagle Rock Miniature Herefords with JSH Must Be Molly, 2. D+S Mini Herefords with Susie Q, 3. Fordyce Farms with Bat Twizzle Dee, 4. Meadowview Farms with MVF Lil Urban Hiedi, 5. Meadowview Farms with MVF Lil Urban Julie
Class 2: Junior Heifer Calves
1. Rick & Debra Flohr with KAP Huntress Telia, 2. Sandy Hills Farm with SHF Disco Dede, 3. Frank Yantz with FY’s Lydia, 4. Gott Miniature Herefords with Gott Caroline’s Georgia
Class 3. Junior Heifer Calves
1. River Ridge Mini Herefords with Lilly
Champion Junior Heifer Calf: KAP Huntress Telia
Res. Champion Junir Heifer Calf: JSH Must Be Molly
Class 4: Fall & Winter Senior Heifer Calves
1. River Ridge Mini Herefords with Miss Jenna
Champion Fall & Winter Senior Heifer Calf: Miss Jenna
Class 5: Summer Senior Heifer
1. Stines Cattle Co. with CRCS Princess Beckett, 2. Sandy Hills Farm with SHF Disco Bree ET
Class 6: Summer Senior Heifer
1. John Cooper with KAP Viking’s Lil Graci, 2. GOTT Miniature Herefords with GOTT Gloria Hallelujahm 3. River Ridge Mini Herefords with MLU Stella
Champion Summer Senior Heifer: KAP Viking’s Lil Graci
Res. Champion Summer Senior Heifer: CRCS Princess Beckett
Class 7: Spring Senior Heifer
1. John Cooper with KAP Hunter’s Lil Xenia, 2. D+S Mini Herefords withMVF Lil Urban Jolene, 3. Ulrich Miniature Herefords with MLU Maggie
Class 8: Spring Senior Heifer
1. Joseph Seale with SS Miss Stella ET, 2. Ulrich Miniature Herefords with TAC Rowdy’s Deja Vu, 3. Joseph Seale with SS Miss Gidget
Champion Spring Senior Heifer: SS Miss Stella ET
Res. Champion Spring Senior Heifer: KAP Hunter’s Lil Xenia
Grand Champion Female: SS Miss Stella ET
Res. Grand Champion Female: KAP Huntress Telia
Class 9: Cow/Calf
1. KP Ranch, 2. Fordyce Farms, 3. Meadowview Farms
Class 10: Pair of Females Bred/Owned
1. Meadowview Farms
Class 11: Junior Bull Calves
1. KP Ranch with KAP Viking Xeno, 2. John Cooper with KAP 1/2 Hunter Popeye ET, 3. Fangmann Family Miniature Herefords with KAP Haydn Viking, 4. Eagle Rock Miniature Herefords with JSH Mr. Stetson
Class 12: Junior Bull Calves
1. Sandy Hills Farm with SHF Disco Maro, 2. Hidden Creek Farm with HCKF Lil Kid Rock, 3. River Ridge Mini Herefords with Dewey
Class 13: Junior Bull Calves
1. Sandy Hills Farm with SHF Disco Thunder
Champion Junior Bull Calf: SHF Disco Thunder
Res. Champion Junior Bull Calf: KAP Viking Xeno
Class 14: Fall & Winter Senior Bull Calves
1. Sunny Creek Farms with FY’s Lil Theodore
Champion Fall & Winter Senior Bull Calf: FY’s Lil Theodore
Class 15: Summer Senior Bull
1. D+S Miniature Herefords with D+S Tikes Red Baron
Champion Summer Senior Bull: D+S Tikes Red Baron
Class 16: Spring Senior Bull
1. KP Ranch with KAP Orson Hunter, 2. Sandy Hills Farm with SHF King Willie Kiel, 3. Meadowview Farms with MVF Lil Urban Heath
Champion Spring Senior Bull: KAP Orson Hunter
Res. Champion Spring Senior Bull: SHF King Willie Kiel
Class 17: Two Year Old Bull
1. Fordyce Farms with BAT Jolie’s Jett, 2. KP Ranch with KAP Fletcher Quip, 3. John Cooper with KAP Lil Rockin Cash
Champion Two Year Old Bull: BAT Jolie’s Jett
Res. Champion Two Year Old Bull: KAP Fletcher Quip
Grand Champion Bull: SHF Disco Thunder
Res. Grand Champion Bull: KAP Vking Xeno
Class 18: Pair of Bulls Bred/Owned
1. KP Ranch
Due to a hail storm in Billings, the NILE was held under a tent. The weather was sunny and warm every day and the rad glow from the tent made a festive atmosphere. Our judge was great, particularly with the children. He took time to question and encourage each one. Dan Vanek took time from his busy schedule to conduct a Showmanship Clinic using Peg Aldridge’ heifer Cinder. I wish I could have recorded the detailed pointers he shared. He was a super teacher. Afterward we had a Cookie Bar featuring all home made cookies. The show stopper were the Miniature Hereford Cookies made by—– Jensen.
Once again we had fabulous prizes. They were handed out by a very pretty and pregnant Casey Morris. What a picture of bounty. Her husband Dave Morris handled the back gate and Cynthia Duvall was show secretary. THANK YOU VOLUNTEERS ! A huge thanks to KP Ranch, Duvals, Peg Aldridge and Lindsy’s Littles, Lakeland Feed and Quality Supply for their sponsorships.
Grand Champion Female: DuVal Farms with DF Aurora Borealis
Reserve Grand Champion Female: Lindsay Littles with LL Playmate Pearl
Grand Champion Bull: Lindsay Littles with LL Playmate George
Reserve Champion Bull: DuVal Farms with DF Sullivan Pride
2010 AMERICAN ROYAL LIVESTOCK SHOW
MINIATURE HEREFORD SHOW RESULTS
Sunday, October 24, 2010
Judge: Wes Hudson, Harrison, AR
1. Salt Creek Ranch with SC Miss Arianna, 2. Julie Sandstromg with SHF Disco De De, 3. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Lacy, 4. Steve & Emily Meyer with MF Cher, 5. Charles Livingston with WO Show me Late Lucy L102, 6. Steve & Emily Meyer with MF Dory
1. J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s January, 2. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Pretty Penney, 3. River Ridge with Lilly
JR Heifer Calf Reserve Champion: Salt Creek Ranch with SC Miss Arianna
JR Heifer Calf Champion: J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s January
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Della ET, 2. Brent, Shelly, Jenna White with RHH Holly, 3. River Ridge with Miss Jenna, 4. Andrew Aguirre with SF Miss Mary Sue, 5. Greg Schulz with SF Miss Max Lilly
SR Heifer Calf Reserve Champion: Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Della ET
SR Heifer Calf Champion: Brent, Shelly, Jenna White with RHH Holly
1. J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s Angelina, 2. Cheraye Aguirre with DLT SF Aubrey, 3. Ethan Smith with SF Miss Princess Laci, 4. J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s Madison, 5. Julie Sandstrom with SHF Disco Bree ET
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Kim, 2. DNA Cattle Co. with DNA’s Lillian, 3. Jeff Bash with SS Miss Kitty, 4. Leah Stroud with WW Golden June, 5. River Ridge with MLU Stella
Reserve Champion JR Heifer: J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s Angelina
Champion JR Heifer: Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Kim
1. Salt Creek Ranch with SC Miss Aida, 2. Salt Creek Ranch with SC Mis Lyean, 3. Steve & Judy Splitt with EK Veronica J, 4. Steve & Emily Meyer with KAP Lil Quay Viking, 5. Salt Creek Ranch with SC Miss Tosca, 6. Weston Robinson with KAP Lil Quip Isha
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Miss Mary Lou, 2. Ethan Smith with SS Miss Bree, 3. Brent, Shelly, Jenna White with SS Miss Abbie ET
Class 8: Cow/Calf
1. Salt Creek Ranch with SC J’s Rockette, 2. Steve & Charlotte Williams with MLV Molly, 3. LK Robinson Farms Inc with KAP Teddy’s Edna, 4. Greg Schulz with SS Mercedes
1. J Bar W Cattle Co, 2. Salt Creek Ranch, 3. Steve & Emily Meyer
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Mr Seth, 2. Steve & Charlotte Williams with WW Tom Thumb, 3. Nelson Hershberger with KAP Magic Joel, 4. LK Robinson Farms Inc with LK Spencer, 5. River Ridge with Dewey, 6. Gregy Schulz with SF Mr Maxmillian Lex
1. Julie Sandstrom with SHF Disco Thunder
JR Bull Calf Reserve Champion: Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Mr. Seth
JR Bull Calf Champion: Julie Sandstrom with SHF Disco Thunder
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Mr Kirk
SR Bull Calf Champion: Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Mr Kirk
1. Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Sire Wyatt, 2. Julie Sandstrom with SHF Disco Thunder, 3. J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’s Red One, 4. J Bar W Cattle Co. with JW’z Bad Company
Reserve Champion JR Bull: Julie Sandstrom with SHF King Willie Kiel
Champion JR Bull: Steve & Judy Splitt with SS Sir Wyatt
1. DNA Cattle Co. with DNA’s Stewart, 2. Steve & Charlotte Williams with WW Sam’s Gold E, 3. Beverly Strong with TAC Full Ride ET, 4. Brent, Shelly, Jenna White with SS Mr Moses ET
Reserve Champion SR Bull: Steve & Charlotte Williams with WW Same’s Gold E
Champion SR Bull: DNA Cattle Co. with DNA’s Stewart
Reserve Grand Champion Bull: Julie Sandstrom with SHF Disco Thunder
Grand Champion Bull: DNA Cattle Co. with DNA’s Stewart
1. J Bar W Cattle Co.
1. Kirstie Kasch with WW Evening Rockstar
Champion Market Steer: Kirstie Kasch with WW Evening Rockstar
Farm Day on the WW Ranch
How do you add some excitement to a sunny December afternoon? Try taking forty-six teenagers, pile them in with sixteen Miniature Herefords in a 40 X 40 pipe pen and watch the mix! That is what we did recently here at WW Ranch. It started when an FFA girl, Leah Stroud, who bought and shows one of our heifers, decided to take Advanced Animal Science at the Borger High School. The new teacher for the program, Mrs. Lamb, was raised on a ranch and was interested in hearing more about Miniature Herefords. She decided our operation would make a good field trip for the classes and set it up through the school’s administration and, via Leah, with us. When the day arrived, the junior- and senior-aged kids and their teachers got off the bus and walked down to our barn. There was a variety of cattle experience represented, from people that had never been closer than a pass on the highway to a cow, all the way to people who had been born and raised on large, commercial ranches. We were blessed with a clear, warm day, and so we stood outside the house for a minute to review the origins of Miniature Herefords. We went from the Bos Taurus species description, down through the source of all Herefords in England, to the development of the breed by the Largents of south Texas, and finally to the decision to bring some to a small ranch in the Texas Panhandle.
Then came the moment everyone was waiting for – meet the cows! I had penned a variety of sixteen animals to allow for good comparisons, including old cows, steers, heifers, and calves. The only bull was an un-weaned baby, Tom Thumb. Everyone came in the barn to check out the hay and the cats and the piles of feed bags and equipment. As directed, a couple of boys grabbed some bags of cubes and poured them into buckets where everyone who wanted a handful could get some. I suggested that we go feed the cows. Somehow, I had imagined in my head that everyone would stand outside the pipe fence and feed them, cows and kids separated and protected by a steel barrier set in concrete. But you can’t predict what will happen, especially if you are talking about teenagers or cattle, let alone both. All of a sudden, the gates were opened and the flood of kids ran in.
Now, some of my cows are not dehorned and about half of my animals have never been shown, and have not been around more than a few people at a time. How would they react? Would someone be trampled by a frantic cow stressed by all the close contact? Would a kid be speared by a horn as an animal turned its head in the crowd? A number of horror scenes zipped through my brain, but within seconds it was clear that all was well. The cows were too interested in the free treats to be worried, and as I have found over the years, they know exactly where every inch of horn is and carefully kept those away from the kids. A few were ready to leave after just a few minutes, so I let them out through the head-gate, which allowed everyone to see how that operates as well. And in general, everyone was happy giving or receiving pellets of food and attention.
We briefly discussed how to choose breeding stock and used examples in the pen for comparison of characteristics such as structure and function. Leah walked her show heifer to demonstrate good conformation, and we compared her to a cow that has some flaws. We finished the tour with a visit to the herd bulls, Sam and E, and discussed the qualities that kept them out of the freezer, unlike many of their siblings. Then it was back on the bus, and the whirlwind was gone.
There were some heart-stopping moments,like when a boy leaped the fence to avoid the snotty snort of an old cow – and some heart-warming moments, like when the baby bull snuggled up to a girl and nosed her gently for a treat. But, either way, it is well worth the time and exposure to allow young people the opportunity for a new and educational experience. And you can’t pay for better entertainment! the freezer, unlike many of their siblings. Then it was back on the bus, and the w
The Miniature Hereford business is growing in leaps and bounds here in Region 6. 2010 has been an exciting year. The Texas Junior Hereford Association added Miniature Herefords to their show this year. The Tri-State Fair added Miniature Herefords this year also. 2011 looks to be an exciting year also with San Antonio inviting us to join their show this year.
Recap of our 2010 events this year. Miniature Hereford shows at Houston Livestock Show, Star of Texas Show, Texas Junior Hereford State show, Tri-State Fair and Rodeo, Gillispie County Fair, State Far of Texas. This is six different shows held here in Region 6 this year, plus events at numerous TJLA shows including the Belt Buckle Bonanza and the Fall Classic. Our 2nd Annual Miniature Hereford sale held at the Star of Texas topped $125,000 in sales. This sale continues to grow each year and we are looking for another great sale this coming year in 2011. For info regarding this sale contact Greg Schulz at firstname.lastname@example.org
Overall cattle markets in Texas are up this fall, demand for miniature herefords is showing some strength as we go through the fall. 2011 looks to be a great year for both shows and sales. With the addition of San Antonio we will have a full line up of shows.
There are several additional shows under consideration for sanctioning throughout the region. If you have suggestions for a show, please send me an email and lets work on it.
Thanks to all of you for your help and support during this past year. Looking forward to another great year with ya’ll.
Region 6 Director
Report Card for 8 Red Angus Bulls
Does the data support keeping them, or are there better bulls on the market that will meet your production goals?
By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist
NDSU Extension Service
The Dickinson Research Extension Center utilizes many bulls and always evaluates bulls at the time of purchase and periodically throughout their life span. Perhaps the most challenging evaluation is to ask if the bulls meet the current objectives of the breeding program or expected market for the calves.
Many good beef programs remain as words only if the right genetics is not in the bull pen to get the desired calf crop.
For the center, the heifer development program is being scaled back, which means the current inventory of calving-ease heifer bulls was reduced. In terms of future programs, the center has two different needs.
The first is for bulls that will sire heavy-muscled calves with a reduced frame and a slightly slower growth rate. These calves obviously will end up on a grass program and are projected to go to an older yearling market.
The second group of bulls will need to sire calves for the traditional fast-gaining, high-lean calf- fed market. These calves will be age and sourced for the less than 20 month of age calf market.
However, before either of these criteria can be discussed, the older bulls need to be evaluated based on soundness. Unsound bulls are not kept because putting more resources into a bull that more than likely will have limited breeding capacity is impractical.
Producers should evaluate their bulls periodically, especially when the bulls are penned where they can be observed closely. That slow-moving, standoffish bull may be covering up latent pasture injuries or fresh injuries due to the rough crowd in the bull pen.
The harsh reality is that small problems tend to become big problems. Even minor structural problems often will develop into movement problems during future breeding seasons.
The pecking order also can get severe enough that some bulls simply wont breed. The old saying that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure applies now because the time to be thinking about next springs breeding soundness exams is now.
With the cold weather setting in, the best prevention for bull infertility is a well-bedded bull pen with limited exposure to the wind. Bulls need to be bedded and protected from severe cold to prevent scrotal frostbite.
After the review, only 10 bulls made the cut for next season. Two are Lowline bulls, while the others are Red Angus. All of the Red Angus bulls are registered with the American Red Angus Association and the registrations and data are current. Everyone is busy, so keeping up on the bull pen is not easy, but all the bulls are in good physical condition.
The bottom line is that the remaining bulls have a purpose, which is to fill the weaning pens in the fall of 2011 with the calves that the center desires. Seems like a long way off, but the calves will get here soon enough.
All the bulls were rated for some of the expected progeny differences (EPD) available from the Red Angus Association. The challenge with data is information overload. The information available on sale day was impressive enough to buy on sale day or the bulls were simply affordable. The question is, Are they still good enough to stay or are there better bulls? To make the process simple, the bulls are ranked and scored based on the desired EPDs.
If the bull scores in the upper 25 percentile within the breed for a specific EPD trait, the bull received an A. If the EPD value is in the upper 50 percentile, but less than the 25 percentile, the bull received a B grade. If the bulls EPD value was in the lower 50 percentile, the bull received a C grade.
Having gone through the exercise, eight bulls passed the centers needs, while the rest did not. In summation, the bull pen has eight good, meaty Red Angus bulls that vary in frame size. With the bull-buying season starting early next year, the center can better evaluate how many bulls are needed and, like any producer, can develop a budget to work with.
The process may seem cumbersome, but the take-home point is to gather some data and rank the bulls. Does the data support keeping them, or are there better bulls on the market that will meet your production goals? These are your cattle, so you need to become comfortable working the numbers and incorporating data into your decisions to ultimately meet your goal.
Happy bull sorting and turkey eating.
May you find all your ear tags.
Your comments are always welcome at http://www.BeefTalk.com.
For more information, contact the NDBCIA Office, 1041 State Ave., Dickinson, ND 58601, or go to http://www.CHAPS2000.com on the Internet.
NDSU Agriculture Communication
source: Kris Ringwall, (701) 483-2348, ext. 103, email@example.com
editor: Rich Mattern, (701) 231-6136, firstname.lastname@example.org