- Just Gettin’ Started
- National Western
- Miniature Hereford Youth
- San Antonio Livestock Show
- Houston Livestock Show
- Northern Int’l Livestock Expo.
- Animal Health Series
- Showing in the Southern Hemisphere
- Normal Parturition (Calving)
- Region 5
- Region 8
- President’s Prospective
- Upcoming Election
My name is Fran MacKenzie and I have served as your Treasurer for the last two terms. I have enjoyed being able to be active in this Association and to serve the membership in this capacity. I have made many friends among the membership through the job – and have been grateful for those contacts.
My sister and I have a small ranch in Western Colorado and have been raising Miniature Herefords there for 12 years. We were attracted to them because they reminded us of the Herefords our Grandfather had in the 50’s and 60’s. We are very excited to see the growth in interest for these great cattle.
I am a detail-oriented person and take pride and pleasure in keeping a clear and accurate accounting of the Association’s funds. Although it is quite a time-consuming job, I do have the time, and would appreciate your support for the office of Treasurer in the coming election.
I would be proud to represent MHBA Region 6 as the Regional Director. I have been a member of the MHBA for many years and have served as a Director, Secretary and President. The MHBA has had great progress and growth over the years, especially within Region 6. As the representive of Region 6 I will work with every member to continue the hard work that has already been accomplished. There are many opportunities that are presenting themselves for the breed and the MHBA and I will work dilegently to seize these opportunities for the benefit of the membership and MHBA.
I’m Greg Schulz and your candidate
for Vice President of the Miniature
Hereford Breeders Association. I’ve
been the Regional Director for Region 6
for the past four years. I bought my first Miniature Herefords
in 2004 and have been raising them ever since. My endeavor
with the Miniature Herefords began as a hobby and developed
into a business that has been successful from the beginning.
I’m a 4th generation farmer/rancher and have experience
in working with many different breeds of cattle. I am familiar
with the challenges that face cattlemen today and what is
required to overcome many of these challenges.
It has been a priviledge to serve the members of Region 6
for the past four years and I look forward to a new opportunity
to serve as your vice president.
As spring and summer approaches, we have concluded our successful 2011 MHBA show season and are rolling right into 2012. I want to commend all of you for your dedication and commitment to these shows. The outstanding quality of Miniature Hereford cattle entering the show ring is truly impressive. Also, a heartfelt thanks to everyone who jumped in and assisted with the production of our shows, sales and those who so graciously donated items and participated in the silent and live auction during the annual business meeting and banquet at Denver. There is a great deal of time and work dedicated to these shows and your generous contributions to the MHBA are greatly appreciated. We couldn’t do it without you!!!
I’m proud to announce that our show entries, sales & membership continue to rise. It’s exciting to see our Miniature Herefords catching so much attention and making such a bold statement in the cattle industry.
I want to remind everyone of our upcoming election. I encourage all of you to take a moment out of your busy lives and submit your nominations and ballot for the executive board and your regional director. Your involvement and participation in the election is vital to the continued success of the MHBA & the Miniature Hereford breed.
Please don’t hesitate to contact your Regional Director or any of the executive board members with your questions, ideas and concerns. We will work diligently to ensure that we flourish and improve in a positive direction.
Best Wishes for a successful calving season—
By Jerry DuVal, Regional Director
It has been a crazy winter here in the West. There was major flooding in January, sunny and warm in February, and now that it is March I don’t know if I should get my cattle snowshoes or a boat. We have had heavy snow for 3 to 4 days then yesterday we got 3″ of rain (yep, in less than 24 hours)… I thought winter was just about over, maybe by April we will see the sun. Just a little reminder to everyone, make sure to get your worming done, we recommend using an injectable wormer this time of year due to the constant rainy weather patterns. When it dries out you can use the pour on wormers if needed. Also, make sure that your cows have a clean dry area for calving; this makes it easier on both mom and calf. Region 8 members make sure to send me pictures of that special little one so that I can include it in my next “Moos” Letter.
I am currently working on gathering up the information for shows in our region. I have sent a list to all Region 8 members by email of the shows, and as soon as the class lists for each show are available I will get those to you. If you are in my region and have not received the “Moos” letter, please contact me and I will add you to the email list. I would like to send a special thank you to Arlou Cox for her work in bringing back the Miniature Hereford show at the Central Washington State Fair. This show held in Yakima, Washington, is loads of fun and I would recommend it to everyone.
We would like to recognize our newest MHBA members, Craig and Patricia Larson of Onalaska, Washington, Eric Filler of Bainbridge, Washington, and Ronal Lewis of Amity, Oregon. Welcome to you all. Also, we would like to send our congratulations to Kelsey Potter of Silverton, Oregon for winning one of the 2012 John Johnson Memorial Scholarships presented by the MHYF during the NWSS.
Remember, if you have any questions or need any help, I am only an email away.
A Straitside Ranch cutie!
Happy Spring to Everyone!
Jami Bingham, Region 5 Director
I’m not sure where the last few months have gone, but I hope everyone’s calving season is off to a great start. I wanted to extend congratulations and thank you to everyone who participated at the National Western in January. Quite a few members from Region 5 participated either as an exhibitor or spectator, and I was glad to see you there. I know it involves a lot of travel and commitment and hope everyone enjoyed themselves. I wanted to extend a special THANK YOU to all the Region 5 members who participated with some very generous bids during the auction at the MHBA banquet. Those donations, as well as many others from other region members, helped raise quite a bit of money for the MHBA. Watching everyone come together and have a great time makes me very proud to be a part of this association.
I have talked with the Iowa State Fair and they will be allowing MHBA members to show again this year, although it will still not be an MHBA exclusive show. I hope everyone can attend and continue a great representation for the Miniature Hereford breed.
Up and coming news involves a great effort from Brent and Shelley White as well as Steve and Judy Splitt in speaking with the Iowa Beef Council and they will be allowing the MHBA to contribute in the Iowa Beef Expo in February 2013. We are excited about this new endeavor and updates will be provided as it progresses.
Thank you to everyone for all their hard work and dedication, and as always please feel free to contact me with any questions or concerns.
Normal Parturition (Calving)
By Sheila Lindsay
The average beef cow is pregnant for 280 days. Signs of approaching parturition can be seen during the last month of gestation. Growth of the mammary glands becomes very apparent. A sinking around the tailhead due to relaxation of pelvic ligaments will make the tailhead appear more prominent. The vulva with soften and become more swollen. Mucus may be seen stringing from the vulva. The combination of these signs are often termed “springing”.
Most cows will try to leave the herd and seek a place of seclusion for the birth. At the beginning of the birthing process a small bubble (the allanto-chorion) is seen protruding from the lips of the vulva. The “water bag” has a similar appearance to a water balloon. This should not be confused with a vaginal prolapse which is much thicker and has an appearance of swollen tissues. Once the water bag appears there should be a steady increase in contraction strength along with a decrease in contraction intervals. Depending on how far you are from a veterinarian or other person capable of dealing with birthing problems, or dystocia, will dictate how long to let the birthing process continue without intervention. Once the bubble is seen, the calf should be out within 2 hours.
If the birthing process does not progress, help should be summoned within 2 hours. If only a tail is presented to the vulva, a breech should be suspected and the cow will also need assistance. Once the torso of the calf has cleared the pelvis the amniotic sac must break to allow the calf to breathe. Occasionally this must be done manually. Usually the amniotic sac breaks as the calf and/or the cow move. As the hind legs are expelled the umbilical chord breaks and the calf is free from the cow.
Weather permitting, the cow and calf should not be disturbed at this time so they may bond. The cows licking will dry the calf and stimulate the baby to its feet. Ideally the calf should be up and nursing within a couple hours. At this time we usually treat the navel with iodine and weigh and measure the calf.
SHOWING IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
by Janet Poole.
Show seasons down our part of the globe start around October and go through till April or May. With the exception of some of the biggest events these are all held outdoors. There are no specific shows for Miniature Herefords so we have to compete against other small breeds or bigger breeds but the minis can more than hold their own. They are also attracting a lot of attention with a growing number of people interested in becoming breeders in their own right. This is good advertisement for the advantages of having Miniature Herefords and one which needs to be promoted.
In Australia there are several breeders who are showing their stock but at present only one in New Zealand. It is such a shame we have the Tasman Sea between our two countries because the opportunity to compete against each other would be a real boost to our breeding programmes. Joy Walters, of Boomer Creek Miniature Herefords in Tasmania, has been showing her animals for years and very successfully. She has been a real asset in helping other newcomers to the show ring with training, preparation and techniques.
Bridgewater High School has also had the benefit of Joy’s instruction and their enthusiasm for turning out minis which perform well has earned them many placings. The school has its own Bridgewater Miniature Hereford Stud.
Two of the newer breeders in Australia have recently taken to showing with good results. They are keen to see more owner/breeders of Miniature Herefords come on board so that there is more competition among the smaller animals. Alison Livermore has Musical Valley Miniature Herefords in Victoria and Jack Bryan has Highlander Miniature Herefords in New South Wales.
On the eastern shores of the Tasman Sea is the very small country of New Zealand. There are around thirty Miniature Hereford breeders here and many have show quality animals but somehow exhibiting them is slow to take off. At present Riverlets Miniature Hereford Stud is the only one with animals in the show ring but this has generated so much interest in the smaller Herefords that they are becoming better known. Most of the competition is against other breeds of cattle as well as the bigger ones but one show does have a Small Beef Breeds Class where the minis always perform very well. This is also proving to be a popular class for those with the smaller breeds of cattle.
The big wish for the future is to have enough Miniature Herefords being shown in both Australia and New Zealand that special shows can be held for them as is happening in America. An exchange system whereby handlers can cross the Tasman to either country and show animals bred there would be a good incentive for the younger people. This is already being done by Lowline (Angus) breeders and we can’t let them get away with that, can we! Another outlet is the Virtual Cattle Show for Miniature Herefords which proved a lot of fun last year. Closing date for this year’s show is May 31st, 2012 and you can find information and entry requirements on both the MHBA (www.mhbaonline.org) and AMHBN (www.amhbn.com) websites.
By Peggy Joseph-Potter RN, BSN, MHA
Spring rains bring burgeoning foliage and for most beef producers the ever important lush green grass. While this welcome addition may delight many a farmer, it is not without a sinister side. Grass tetany is a feed related metabolic disorder which can prove harmful and at times lethal for cattle.
Grass tetany, “grass staggers,” wheat pasture poisoning, or hypomagnesaemia, can be a problem in the spring when immature grass is prolific. This disorder is more prevalent in older lactating cows as it is theorized they are less able to mobilize their magnesium storage from their bones than their more capable counterparts. High nitrogen fertilization reduces magnesium availability, especially on soils high in potassium or aluminum. Grass tetany occurs most frequently in the spring; often it follows a period of cooler temperatures such as those between 45 and 60°F, causing the grass to grow rapidly. This condition is also seen in the fall with new growth of cool season grass or wheat pastures.
The greatest risk for grass tetany is when pastures soils are low in available magnesium (Mg), high in available potassium and high in nitrogen. Pastures where a significant amount of manure has been applied often have this mineral imbalance and are considered more vulnerable. Soil testing can aide in the analysis of such pastures to determine what nutrients need to be added to prevent the onset of this metabolic disorder. While the name denotes grass and wheat as the culprits, grass tetany can occur from any sort of foliage including orchard grass, perennial ryegrass, timothy, tall fescue, crested wheat grass, brome grass, Kentucky bluegrass, annual ryegrass and small grain (wheat, oats, barley, triticale and rye) pastures. It can also occur when livestock are wintered on low Mg grass hay or corn stock. Other factors which have been associated with this disease include low levels of Mg and high protein and potassium levels in the forage.
Common factors present with grass tetany include the following:
Animals are usually grazing grass dominant pasture or lush cereal crops, often without any hay supplementation.
Cold and wet windy weather with little or no shelter, resulting in short periods of fasting.
Animals are either fat or losing condition or very thin.
Animals recently moved to a different paddock.
Heavy use of nitrogen and/or potash fertilizer on pasture.
Cows in peak lactation are most commonly affected, but dry cows and, under certain conditions, beef steers, may also suffer.
Symptoms: In the early stages, animals are observed to walk very stiffly, with lost flexibility of their hind legs. It is this swaying gait which gives the impression that the animal is staggering, hence the English name “grass staggers.” Animals may have an over-alert appearance, being excitable and aggressive. The animal has no appetite and looks mournful. Its eyes are glazed and bulging to a certain extent. In the latent stages the animals progresses to convulsions, high fever and if left untreated will be found down with an unlikely survival.
Physical symptoms include:
Muscles: Stiff with contraction of the tail
Muzzle: Mouth close and difficulty to open; grinding of the teeth; frothing at the mouth
Eyes: Wild, blood shot, frequently rolling
Head: Thrown back
Pulse: Feeble and rapid
Udder: Normal with no extensive softness
Temperature: Normal or high (104)
Treatment: When symptoms are observed, prompt treatment by a veterinarian is required. The intravenous injection of a combined calcium and magnesium solution (350ml) under the skin in the area behind the shoulder and over the ribs is most effective. Massaging the area well after injecting the solution will spread the fluid and aid its rapid absorption into the blood stream. Treated animals should be given adequate shelter and identified so that a response to treatment can be monitored. In some situation, repeat treatment maybe indicated.
Cattle affected by grass tetany often relapse and die or become ‘downers’ and eventually have to be destroyed. Time is of paramount importance to success of treatment. Prompt identification and initiation of medication and stress reduction related to weather improve treatment efficacy. Often affected animals do not eat – this can be a very serious complication, especially in pregnant cattle which often succumb to pregnancy toxemia and die.
Prevention: To prevent grass tetany cattle should be feed a high Mg supplement or free-choice minerals. Magnesium may be added to grain, protein or liquid supplements. Magnesium sulfate is the most palatable source and since magnesium stored in the body is not rapidly available it must be supplied at least every second day during the “danger period.”
Grass tetany blocks provide magnesium as a palatable ‘lick’. A major disadvantage of this method is that all the animals may not consume sufficient magnesium. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions concerning the number of cows per block. When buying blocks, be sure that they are recommended for the prevention of grass tetany.
Feed mineral supplements that contain magnesium. Commercial mineral mixtures containing 10-15% magnesium are available for feeding during periods of increased grass tetany probability. Cattle need to consume 6-12 oz/head/day of this mineral.
Feed mineral mixtures with Iodine and Cobalt 30 percent bone meal or dicalcium phosphate, 30 percent Magnesium Oxide, and 10 percent dried Molasses. This mixture provides about 18 percent Magnesium.
Epsom salts or magnesium chloride may be added to the water supply. The salts can also be added at the rate of 60g per cow per day (60 g is about two level tablespoons). The dose must be split and added to the water on two occasions during the day. The normal water flow should be maintained. The capacity of the trough should be at least nine quarts per cow so that the salts are sufficiently diluted. Cattle will scour if they get more than 140 g of Epsom salts per day. Also, because cattle don’t like the taste, the Epsom salts need to be added gradually over 2-3 weeks. There are several disadvantages in using this method. Epsom salts are unpalatable and not readily accepted by stock. In winter, water consumption is variable due to the high moisture content of the feed and as a result insufficient salts may be ingested.
Drenching stock with magnesium oxide or Epsom salts mixed in water is an effective but time consuming, method. The daily rate is 60g/cow mixed in 100 ml water. Epsom salts may be mixed with bloat treatments but the volume of water will need to be increased if such a mixture is used. The magnesium oxide drench mixture must be constantly shaken to prevent it settling out.
Magnesium oxide (Magnesia) may be added to feed fed in the bail at the rate of 45-50 g per cow per day but there are indications that levels greater than 30g per cow per day may predispose the cows to Salmonella.
Remove animals from pasture or limit grazing during periods of rapid growth. Allow access to hay or dry pasture. Also, producers may want to limit grazing of the temporary winter pastures when moving cattle directly from poor quality frosted grass pastures. A rapid change in feed can cause digestive upsets and nutritional stress.
Fertilization suggestions: Fertilizers rich in potassium and nitrogen reduce the availability of magnesium from the pasture, and increase the risk of grass tetany. So avoid grazing these pastures soon after fertilizer application. On soils that need liming, use dolomitic limestone. If lime is not needed, magnesium can be included in mixed fertilizers. Do not exceed the recommended level of applications for nitrogen and potassium on winter pastures for grazing consequently, these fertilizer elements should not be applied in excess on temporary winter pastures. Follow recommendations based on soil test results.
Grass Tetany, Grass Stagger. (2011, October 6). Retrieved March 15, 2012, from Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water, Environment.
Allison, C. (n.d.). Controlling Grass Tetany in Livestock. Retrieved March 15, 2012, from Cooperative Services, College Ag and Home Ecomonics, New Mexico Universtity.
Haynes, N. B. (1978). Keeping Livestock Healthly. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing, L.L.C.
Thomas, H. S. (1998). Storey’s Guide to Raising Beef Cattle. Storey Publishing.
Y.C.Newman, M. (2010, October). Grass Tetany. Retrieved March 15, 2012, from Agonomy Department,Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Ag Science: ifas.ufl.edu
Peggy and her husband, Bob Potter, own and operate PJ Ranch LLC in Winton, California, where she serves as the Vice President of Animal Health. They have been Miniature Hereford owners and active participants in the MHBA since 2002. She is also employed as a critical care nurse for a local medical center.
Northern International Livestock Expo.
Class 1A: Heifer Calves
1. Courtney Peters with LL Playmate Edna
Class 3A: Heifers 5/1 – 8/30/10
1. Kirstie Kasch with 05’s B-Day Joy
Class 4A: Heifers 1/1 – 4/30/10
1. Dave Morris with LL Playmate Pearle; 2. Beatrice Jensen with TAC Cotton Tandy JH2 ET; 3. Jeff & Kelli Krenning with LH Bonnie Lass; 4, Myca Cantrell with LL Playmate Grace; 5. Beatrice Jensen with TAC Odessa JH1 ET Continue reading Northern Int’l Livestock Expo.
Houston Livestock Show
Class 1: Fall/Winter Jr Heifer
1. Bill Jenkins with BDJ Sugar Plum Oak*; 2. Aubree Blissard with MAB Coconut Lady 1405**; 3. D. McCall with Annabelle1; 4. Aubree Blissard with MABC Chocolate Lady 1404; 5. Cole Cattle Co. with CCC Limitless; 6. Meredith Roberts with JAM Lil’ Miss Muffin; 7. Cheraye Aguirre with CA Lady “A”; 8. Meredith Roberts with JAM Brandy’s Lil Hope; 9. Double W Ranch with WW Kid Edwina
Class 4: Summer Jr Heifers
1. Jeff Bash with Becket G Starlet 261L; 2. Salt Creek Ranch with SP Haley; 3. Double W Ranch with WW Golden Grace; 4. Diamond H Cattle with SP Sammy; 5. Cole Cattle Co. with CCC Tucson’s Bettina 15Y Continue reading Houston Livestock Show
JUST GETTN STARTED
By Greg Toller
What started out for long time Simmental breeder Steve Sanders as idea to buy a Miniature Hereford heifer for his young granddaughter to show has quickly grown into a love for this small but mighty breed. You see, Steve and Margret Sanders, owner of Sanders Ranch LLC, along with their manager Darrin Barbour have been one of the most instrumental breeders and promoters of Simmental cattle in recent history. Now, with the help of his daughter Daydree, her husband Brian and their three daughters Kodie, Karsen and Kanyen Dopps they have started to breed Miniature Herefords under the names KLD Miniature Herefords and Sanders Ranch. “When I decide to do something, I always put 100% into it” says Steve Sanders. They chose to start raising Miniature Herefords for many reasons, “We believe there are some really good animals in this breed, and would love the opportunity to help propel the breed in the future,” said Darrin. Steve added “We can see the need for smaller animals, smaller feed costs, smaller portions of meat and the smaller size for the young junior members.”
They got their start when Steve and Darrin went to the Kirchhoff dispersion in Iowa and selected the best four cows that would fit their program. “Our Minis will look just like our Simmis, big bodied, big boned and sound structured,” said manager Darrin Barbour. Research had to be done on this new business venture, not knowing any breeders, any cow families, or any sires in the breed. The internet provided quick results, but actually talking to fellow breeders and seeing the cattle in Houston and Austin proved to be most influential in learning about the breed. KLD and Sanders Ranch have recently added important pieces in developing a superior herd of breeding stock. Finding SHF Burbon was huge for their young herd. “He is phenotypically one of the best bulls I have ever been around, of any breed!” exclaimed Darrin. Two young females that will serve as the backbone for the herd are SHF Sunni and SS Haley, both females have remarkable show careers but more importantly they have the genetic consistency for building a herd.
Sanders Ranch is a 1000 acre 300 head seedstock operation located 50 miles south of Kansas City nestled between the Ozarks of Missouri and the Flint Hills of Kansas. Breeding superior seedstock is what Steve and Darrin do, they have raised and shown multiple National Champion Simmental bulls and females, including the only Triple Crown winning female in breed history. “We have our own production sale here at the ranch every year on the fourth Saturday in September,” commented Steve. “Sales and marketing are what we do, breeding great cattle is just part of our goal here at the ranch.” Between Darrin and his wife Connie, who is a graphic artist, they take their own pictures, produce their own ads and publish their own sale catalog. If you want to have a great time, eat great food and see some breed leading cattle, Louisburg, KS is where you want to be in late September. When their herd of Minis gets a little bigger, they will look at the option of having a sale at the ranch with a select few of guest consignors who share the same goals and values.
Steve has a motto at the ranch and a quote they use in many of the national ad campaigns “Honest Cattle, Honest People, Honest Prices.” “These aren’t just words on a page to us, it’s the way we do business,” says Steve. “The cattle business is a people business, there are many places to buy good cattle, but people buy from people.” That’s why Steve is so eager to please his customers and fellow breeders.
KLD and Sanders Ranch may be just getting started in the Mini Hereford business but they know what it takes to breed and promote cattle with integrity and the Miniature Hereford breed will be better with their involvement!